Monday, November 2, 2009

CROPPING SEASONS IN INDIA

CROPPING SEASONS IN INDIA
India has many growing seasons due to prevalence of high temperature through a long period. Different crop seasons are:
(a) Kharif: Crops are sown at the beginning of the south-west monsoon and harvested at the end of the south-west monsoon.
Sowing seasons-May to July
Harvesting season-September to October
Important crops: Jowar, bajra, rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jute, hemp, sugarcane, tobacco, ete.

(b) Rabi: Crops need relatively cool climate during the period of growth but warm climate during the germination of their seed and maturation.
Sowing season-october-December
Harvesting season-February-April
Important crops: wheat, barley, gram, linseed, mus­tard, masoor, pea~ and potatoes.

(c) Zaid: Bes;des the kharif and rabi crops, there are certain crops which are being raised throughout the year due to artificial irrigation.

Zaid kharif crops are sown in August-September and harvested in December-January.
Important crops: rice, jowar, rapeseed, cotton, oilseeds.

Zaid rabi crops are sown in February-March. Harvesting is in April-May.
Important crops: watermelon, toris, cucumber, leafy and other vegetables.

9 comments:

  1. good , but more information need....

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  2. Exact and precise information thank you!

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  3. This is good information and thanks for sharing. more information bajra and almond visit once my site.Bajra Cultivation

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  4. Very useful and to the point. Nice work.

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  5. What do you think of change in rainfall patterns due to climate change? For example when there are late monsoons and climate will be warmer? Does not Indian system needs to change or evolve with newer times?

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