Monday, November 2, 2009

DECIDUOUS FRUIT

DECIDUOUS FRUIT These include apple, pear, plum, peaches, apricot, cherries and nuts, such as the hazel nut. Cool temperate regions are also noted for a wide variety of soft fruit growing on shrubs, such as gooseberries, raspberries and red and black currants.

Plums of various kinds are grown in Europe and in California in USA. They may be used fresh, or dried in the form of prunes, or canned. Temperate fruit are grown in the border regions between the Mediterranean and tem­perate climates, and in regions where the climate is mod­erated by large lakes.

The apple, an important temperate fruit, requires summer temperatures above 15°C, at least 100 frost-free days and rainfall of 610-760 mm. The apple requires a dormant period and will not bear fruit in tropical environ­ments where growth is not checked in winter. Apples are used to make cider, a fermented drink. France and Britain are major cider producers. In India, apples are grown in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and, on a small scale, in the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu.
The same areas grow other temperate fruits.

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