Monday, November 2, 2009

Multipurpose Projects

Multipurpose Projects A multipurpose project is a river valley project which serves a number of purposes all at once such as:

(i) Storage of water for future use
(ii) Supply of water for irrigation
(ill) Generation of hydroelectricity
(iv) Control of floods
(v) Checking of soil erosion (through afforestation and control of water flow)
(vi) Development of inl~nd navigation (vii) Reclamation of water-logged lands, and thereby
control of malaria
(viii) Fish culture
(ix) Development of riversides as recreation spots and health resorts.

Several irrigation and multipurpose projects have been undertaken in independent India.

Nagarjunasagar Located on the Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh; conceived for the unified development of irriga­tion, flood control and power generation.
Tllngabhadra On Tungabhadra river-a tributary of the Krishna. Joint project of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka for irrigation and electricity.

Poochampad On River Godavari, a masonry dam in Andhra Pradesh for irrigation.
Gandak Project On River Gandak; Bihar and Uttar IPradesh are the participating states. Nepal has also been getting power and irrigation benefits after 1959.

Kosi Project On Kosi river in Bihar; for irrigation, flood control and electricity. In 1965, a barrage was constructed near Hanumannagar in Nepal.
Kakrapara Project On Tapi river in Gujarat. Conceived for irrigation and power purposes.
Ukai Multipurpose Project Located on Tapi river in Gujarat.

Mahi Project On Mahi river in Gujarat. It has two stages; stage I consists of a masonry pick-up weir at Wanakbori village. Stage II envisages construction of a 1,430 m long and 58 m high dam near Kadma. It has high irrigation potentialities.
Ghataprabha Valley Development Conceived for harness­ing water of River Ghataprabha for irrigation in Belgaum and Bijapur districts of Karnataka.

Malaprabha Project Located on Malaprabha river in Belgaum district of Karnataka.
Upper Krishna Project In Karnataka across the Krishna river. A dam is being constructed at Almatti.

Tawa Project Construction of reservoir across Tawa river, a tributary of the Narmada in Hoshangabad district (Madhya Pradesh).

Chambal Project On River Chambal. Jointly executed by Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. In the first stage the Gandhi Sagar Dam and Kota barrage were completed. In the second stage, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam (112 MW capacity) was constructed. Third stage comprises of Jawahar Sagar Dam (99 MW power station).

Rajghat Dam Project On Betwa river. An inter-state project of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Bhima Project On Bhima river in Maharashtra. Envisages construction of two dams--one on Pawana river and another across Krishna river. The work has been com­pleted.

Jayakwadi Project On River Godavari 'in Maharashtra. First stage includes construction of an earthen dam; second stage envisages construction of canal across Sindphana river.
Narmada Project (Indira Sagar Dam) On Narmada river; if completed, world's largest river valley project. Joint­venture of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. The project has been under controversy.

Sardar Sarovar Project On Narmada river in Gujarat. Inter-state project benefiting Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. It is embroiled in controversy.
Hirakud Project On Mahanadi river in Orissa. A mul­tipurpose project; world's longest mainstream dam.

Bhakra Nanga/ A joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. This is a straight gravity dam on the Satluj river at Bhakra. Multipurpose project.

Beas Project Joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. It consists of the Beas-Satluj link, earth-rockfill Pong Dam on Beas river; Beas transmission system.

Thein Dam Earthen dam on River Ravi in Punjab. Rajasthan Canal Project (Indira Gandhi Canal) Provides irrigation facility to north-western region of Rajasthan.

Parambikulam Aliyar Joint venture of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It envisages harnessing the water of six rivers located in Annamalai Hills and two in the plains.

Sarda Sahayak Project Located in Uttar Pradesh across the River Ganga.

RamgangaProject Located in Chuisot stream in Uttar Pradesh. The project is for irrigation and power. The project will supply 200 cusecs of water for Delhi water supply scheme.
Banasagar Project On Son river, in pursuance of an inter­state agreement among Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Farakka Project In West Bengal, taken up for the twin objectives of preservation and maintenance of Kolkata port and for improving the navigability of the Hooghly. The project consists of a barrage across the Ganga at Farakka; a barrage at Jangipur across the Bhagirathi; a feeder canal (39 km long) taking off from the right bank of Ganga at Farakka and falling into Bhagirathi below the Jangipur barrage. Rail-cum-road bridge over the Farakka provides a communication link for Assam, West Bengal and rest of India.

Knngasabati Project On Kangasabati and Kumari rivers in West Bengal. It envisages the construction of earth dams.
Mayurakshi Project It is in West Bengal, comprising Canada dam and meant for power and irrigation purposes.

Damodar Valley Project On Damodar river. Inter-state project of Bihar and West Bengal. The project provides irrigation facility, flood control, power generation and soil conservation measures. Important multipurpose dams are Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon and Panchet. Three thermal power stations at Bokaro (I and II units also working), Chandrapura and Durgapur. Main supplier of power in Bihar and West Bengal.

Dul Hasti The project is part of the programme of cascade development of estimated 6,000 MW of hydro­power potential on the River Chenab in Jammu and Kashmir. Chukka Project A joint venture of India and Bhutan. It is a turnkey project initiated by Indian government.

Salal Project Commenced in Jammu and Kashmir on River Chenab for irrigation and power generation, after agreement with Pakistan was reached.

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